Hormonal acne is the acne that is a result of fluctuations in the levels of hormones in your body. Typically, acne during puberty is referred to as hormonal acne, but it is not limited to any age as it can affect adults too.
About 50% of women between 20 to 29 years have acne.
Causes of hormonal acne:
Hormonal acne is more common in females especially at the time of menopause and periods. Almost 50 percent of women between 20 to 29 years develop acne.
During puberty, hormonal acne often appears in the “T-Zone”, the area comprising of your nose, chin and forehead. In some individuals, hormonal acne turns into small pimples, blackheads and whiteheads.
Hormones in middle age continuously fluctuate resulting in acne. These hormonal changes can be attributes of menstruation, menopause, increased androgen levels or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
Androgens are notable hormones in your acne development as these hormone stimulate your oil glands. Androgens are male sex hormones released by ovaries, testes and adrenal glands. The most common androgen is testosterone, present in both men and women.
Androgen facilitates the production of more skin oil or sebum by stimulating sebaceous glands. The excessive sebum, produced because of stimulation, clogs the pores and serves as a reserve of food for acne-causing bacteria.
There is a natural decline in your reproductive hormones during menopause.
Acne problems during the menopause are due to decline is estrogen and an increase in androgen levels in your body.
Therefore, due to this hormonal imbalance, acne may flare in these women. Hormonal replacement therapies also do not guarantee that you will not experience acne during menopause.
Fluctuations in levels of progesterone also lead to the development of acne.
Progesterone levels rise during the middle of the menstrual cycle and these increased levels stimulate sebaceous glands to produce excessive sebum. Increased progesterone is also associated with swelling of skin and compression of pores. That is why you get increased breakouts of acne before and during your menstrual cycle.
Why hormone fluctuations cause acne:
Hormonal acne caused by hormonal
fluctuations may aggravate acne issues by increasing one or more of the