Acne is a common skin condition during puberty. It is not limited to a specific age limit since it can also affect adults, called “adult acne”.
Acne is the 8th most common skin disease worldwide. It is not gender-specific, but adult females get acne more than men.
One study claimed that 85% of females and 15% of males have adult acne. Acne has different forms depending on its severity. Mild acne consists of whiteheads or blackheads, while moderate acne includes papules. Severe acne comes with more extreme swelling, irritation, redness and cysts.
It is also possible to get acne for the first time as an adult.
This condition is termed as “Adult-onset acne”. It is common in women going through menopause. The primary reasons behind adult acne are inflammation and clogged pores triggered by hormonal imbalances and surges.
It is likely due to one or more of the following reasons.
Hormonal imbalance and fluctuations are triggers for adult acne. Hormonal fluctuations lead to inflammation, pH imbalance and excessive production of sebum (oil). Hormonal changes occur during aging and for females, these changes are common during menstruation, menopause and breastfeeding.
Emotional stress. If you are going through emotional stress, your adrenal glands produce more cortisol, which causes an imbalance in your skin.
Physical stress like extreme weather, illness, dehydration, poor diet and disturbed sleep cycle, can also trigger inflammation, hormonal imbalance and weakened immunity.
Family history is important as acne is known to have a genetic component.
Air pollution also play a role in getting adult acne.
Medications can also trigger acne like antiepileptic drugs, corticosteroids and antidepressants.
Teenage acne is caused by active sebaceous glands and excess oil production whereas the main cause of adult acne is hormonal fluctuations. Teen acne shows up all over the face, back, shoulders and chest, while adult acne is commonly found on the lower face, chin and jawline.